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In Re Cellular: Valuation Lessons from a Squeeze-Out Shareholder Dissent Case

Updated: Aug 2, 2023

In the case of In re Appraisal of Metromedia Int’l Group, Inc., C.A No. 3351-CC (Del. Ch. Apr. 16, 2009) (aka, “In Re Cellular”), the court was faced with a squeeze-out shareholder dissent situation, where the majority shareholder sought to purchase the minority shareholder's shares. The minority shareholder disagreed with the proposed valuation and sought a fair value determination from the court. This case offers valuable lessons on the importance of proper valuation methodologies and the court's role in determining the fair value of shares in a squeeze-out transaction.


In Re Cellular involves a dispute between majority and minority shareholders of a private telecommunications company. The majority shareholder sought to execute a squeeze-out transaction, whereby they would purchase the minority shareholder's shares at a predetermined price. The minority shareholder, however, disagreed with the proposed valuation and requested a judicial appraisal to determine the fair value of their shares.

Valuation Methodologies in Dispute

The expert witnesses for both the majority and minority shareholders presented different valuation methodologies to the court, with each expert arguing that their respective method was the most appropriate for valuing the shares in question. The majority shareholder's expert relied on a combination of the discounted cash flow (DCF) method and the guideline public company (GPC) method, while the minority shareholder's expert primarily used the asset-based approach.

The court ultimately rejected the asset-based approach presented by the minority shareholder's expert, finding it unsuitable for valuing the company's shares. The court reasoned that this approach did not take into account the company's future earning potential, which was a crucial aspect of its value. Instead, the court found that the combination of the DCF and GPC methods, as presented by the majority shareholder's expert, was the most appropriate for determining the fair value of the shares.

Court's Role in Determining Fair Value

In Re Cellular highlights the important role courts play in determining the fair value of shares in a squeeze-out transaction. When faced with competing valuation methodologies, the court must carefully weigh the evidence presented by each party's expert and determine which method best captures the true value of the shares. This process often involves a thorough examination of the company's financial records, projections, and market conditions.

In this case, the court's decision to reject the asset-based approach and rely on a combination of the DCF and GPC methods underscores the importance of considering a company's future earning potential when valuing its shares. By carefully assessing the evidence and selecting the most appropriate valuation method, the court was able to ensure that the minority shareholder received a fair and accurate valuation of their shares.

Lessons for Valuation Professionals and Lawyers

In Re Cellular serves as a valuable reminder for valuation professionals and lawyers involved in squeeze-out shareholder dissent cases. It highlights the importance of selecting appropriate valuation methodologies that accurately capture the value of a company's shares and are supported by empirical evidence. Moreover, it demonstrates the critical role courts play in determining the fair value of shares in such transactions.

Valuation professionals should be prepared to defend their chosen methodologies and provide convincing evidence to support their conclusions. Lawyers representing clients in shareholder disputes must also be well-versed in valuation principles and methodologies, as they will need to effectively present and argue their client's case in court.

In Re Cellular case provides valuable insights for valuation professionals and lawyers involved in squeeze-out shareholder dissent cases. By selecting appropriate valuation methodologies, effectively presenting their case, and understanding the court's role in determining fair value, they can work towards achieving equitable outcomes for their clients in these complex transactions.

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